A Stalker is defined as one who engages in the act of stalking another individual.
Stalking may involve the unwanted attention, harassment or the following or watching of another individual. Depending on the degree of stalking, it may or may not be considered a crime. There are actually quite a few cities in which the act of stalking (as legally defined) is not a crime. New York City is one example.
In psychology, a stalker may believe that his or her victim(s) have genuine feelings for them, and may try passive means to get noticed. These may include harmless acts such as sending flowers or constantly "bumping" into the person on the street. While these actions may cause discomfort or fear in the victim, these types of stalkers are generally harmless.
In extreme cases, the stalker may crave the feelings of fear that the victim(s) may express. He or she may repeatedly try to make contact, after being asked not to or send unusual gifts (e.g. nude photos of themselves, or compromising photos of the victim). These tactics are usually shown in stalkers who want their victims to know they are being watched.
Types of Stalkers
- Rejected stalkers pursue their victims in order to reverse, correct, or avenge a rejection (e.g. divorce, separation, termination).
- Resentful stalkers pursue a vendetta because of a sense of grievance against the victims – motivated mainly by the desire to frighten and distress the victim.
- Intimacy seekers seek to establish an intimate, loving relationship with their victim. To them, the victim is a long-sought-after soul-mate, and they were 'meant' to be together.
- Incompetent suitors, despite poor social or courting skills, have a fixation, or in some cases a sense of entitlement to an intimate relationship with those who have attracted their amorous interest. Their victims are most often already in a dating relationship with someone else.
- Predatory stalkers spy on the victim in order to prepare and plan an attack – usually sexual – on the victim.
On Criminal Minds
- Season One:
- Franklin Graney ("Plain Sight") - Predatory
- Vincent Shyer ("Broken Mirror") - Intimacy
- Walter Kern ("Unfinished Business") - Predatory
- Maggie Lowe ("Somebody's Watching") - Intimacy
- Mark Gregory ("Charm and Harm") - Rejected
- Randall Garner ("The Fisher King, Part 1" and "The Fisher King, Part 2") - Predatory
- Season Two:
- Season Three:
- Season Four:
- Season Five:
- Season Six:
- Season Seven:
- Season Eight:
- John Curtis ("The Silencer", "The Apprenticeship", "Magnificent Light", "Zugzwang", "Broken", "Carbon Copy", "Brothers Hotchner", and "The Replicator") - Resentful
- Arthur Rykov ("Through the Looking Glass") - Resentful
- Diane Turner ("Zugzwang") - Rejected
- Donnie Bidwell ("Carbon Copy") - Predatory
- Mark Jackson ("The Gathering") - Predatory
- Peter Harper ("The Gathering") - Incompetent
- Tory Chapman ("Pay It Forward") - Predatory
- Johnny Ray Covey ("Nanny Dearest") - Predatory
- Phillip Connor ("#6") - Predatory
- Season Nine:
- Season Ten:
- Alex Zorgen ("X" and "The Hunt") - Predatory
- Kyle Zorgen ("X", "The Boys of Sudworth Place", "Scream", "Protection", and "The Hunt") - Predatory
- Steven Parkett ("X") - Incompetent
- Justin Leu ("Burn") - Predatory
- William Pratt ("Hashtag") - Predatory
- Donnie Mallick ("Nelson's Sparrow") - Intimacy
- Patrick Murphy ("Breath Play") - Predatory
- Peter Lewis ("Mr. Scratch", "The Crimson King", "Mirror Image", "True North", and "Red Light") - Resentful (originally)/Predatory (later)
- Miles Hendrick ("The Hunt") - Unknown
- Season Eleven
- Season Twelve
- Robert John Bardo - Stalked actress Rebecca Schaeffer, who he later killed.
- John Hinckley, Jr. - Stalked actress Jodie Foster and 39th President of the United States Jimmy Carter.
- Richard Farley - Stalked coworker Laura Black, who he later wounded during a massacre.
- John Wilkes Booth - Stalked 16th President of the United States Abraham Lincoln months before assassinating him.
- Richard Pavlick - Stalked President-elect John F. Kennedy with the intent of assassinating him in a suicide bombing.