"We serial killers are your sons, we are your husbands, we are everywhere. And there will be more of your children dead tomorrow."
- Ted Bundy
A Serial Killer is a person who murders multiple people, usually with a "cooling off" period in between. The FBI estimates that at any given time, there are from 35 to 50 active serial killers in the U.S.
The term "serial killer" was coined by FBI Special Agent Robert Ressler who, along with colleague John Douglas, was one of the founders of the BAU. In the past, serial killers were known as Varedwulfs (literally, werewolves), as their crimes were brutal enough in the eyes of locals to perpetuate the belief that they were committed by supernatural creatures
In order to qualify as a serial killer, an Unsub must exhibit the following criteria:
- Quantity: There must be at least three victims
- Place: The killings must occur at different locations
- Time: There must be a cooling off period
There are, of course, exceptions to these criteria; disorganized killers such as Ed Gein and Jeffrey Dahmer often commit their ghastly deeds at home. Sometimes the term "serial killer" is somewhat loosely applied to killers responsible for less than three murders. Examples are Gein, who killed two, and Gary Heidnik, who also killed two but held four more captive.
- White male, aged 25 to 45
- Above average intelligence (100+)
- Strong personal and social skills
- Able to maintain normal family life
- Usually employed in a menial position, often below their abilities
- May make an effort to cover up their crimes, often dumping the body in a hidden location and cleaning up the crime scene; some have a working knowledge of forensics
- Ted Bundy - Certified Psychologist
- John Wayne Gacy - Political activist, artist, chef, Freelance entertainer (clown). Gacy also had special clearance by the US Secret Service
- Harry Powers - Salesman
Disorganized serial killers may share these characteristics:
- White male, any age range; but females are common as well
- Below average intelligence (Edmund Kemper, however, had an IQ of 145)
- The habit of leaving the body at the scene, not bothering to cover up the crime
- May be difficult to catch due to constant relocation
- May have a domineering family member (most notably a parent)
- Uses "blitz" attacks to subdue, as opposed to seduction or sympathy
- Has very few close relationships and is often referred to as the "quiet type"
Mixed offenders display traits of both an organized and a disorganized killer. For example, they might have a plan and bring murder weapons, gloves and other things used for the killing, but the crime scene becomes a mess when the plan fails.
Angel of Death/MercyEdit
Angel of Death serial killers may share the following characteristics:
- Usually in the medical profession
- Most often female; but males are fairly common
- Motive is highly variable (revenge, financial gain, mercy, etc.)
- Most often use passive means (poison, etc.)
A Bluebeard or Black Widow is a man or woman (respectively) that murders their spouses, one after another, by various means.
One thing that most types have in common is the taking of trophies from the victim. This could be an earring, an article of clothing, and sometimes even a body part.
Female Serial Killers Edit
Though most serial killers are male, history has seen its share of females. There are two types for female serial killers:
- The "Sante Kimes Model" are cold and calculating. They prey on men for money. She takes her time building relationships.
- The "Aileen Wuornos Archetype" are motivated by paranoia and fear. They lure their victims with sex.
Serial slaughter has existed since the beginning of human history. Bloodthirsty psychopaths have occupied almost every significant era in our past; Roman Gladiators, medieval executioners, Hessian mercenaries, and even the so called Buffalo Soldiers of early American history. Even today, uniformed sadists are employed in the armies of every country in the world, enlisting alongside their patriotic brothers simply to have the chance to legally perform their psychotic fantasies.
Some serial killers in Criminal Minds (will be expanded gradually)
- George Foyet - Organized
- Frank Breitkopf - Organized - Sexual Sadist
- Tobias Hankel - Organized
- Ian Doyle - Organized
- Billy Flynn - Organized
- Izzy Rogers - Organized
- The Footpath Killer - Disorganized
- John Myers - Organized
- Jason Clark Battle - Disorganized
- Johnny McHale - Organized - Vigilante
- Vincent Rowlings - Disorganized
- Henry Grace - Organized
- Lucas Turner - Organized
- Adam Jackson - Organized
- Blake Wells - Organized
- Animal - Organized
- Marvin Doyle - Disorganized - Vigilante
- Charles Holcombe - Organized - "House Cleaner"
- Mindhunter by John E. Douglas. Simon & Schuster adult publishing group ISBN 9780671528904
- The Serial Killer Files by Harold Schecter. Random House ISBN 978-0-345-46566-5 (0-345-46566-0)