|Real World Bio|
|Name||David Richard Berkowitz|
|Alias|| Son of Sam|
The .44 Caliber Killer
Richard David Falco (birth name)
|Birth Date||June 1, 1953|
|Place of Birth||Brooklyn, New York|
|Job||U.S. Postal worker (at time of arrest)|
|Modus Operandi||Shooting with .44 revolver|
|No. of Victims|| 6 killed|
"I love to hunt. Prowling the streets looking for fair game — tasty meat. The wemon [sic] of Queens are prettyist [sic] of all."
David Richard Berkowitz (born as Richard David Falco), a.k.a. "Son of Sam" and "The .44 Caliber Killer", is an American serial killer who was active for roughly a year between 1976 and 1977.
Berkowitz was born the son of Betty Broder, who was having an affair with the married Joseph Kleinman. Broder herself was married to one Anthony Falco at the time. Before David was even a week old, he was put up for adoption. He was placed in the care of hardware store owners Nathan and Pearl Berkowitz, who changed his name to David Richard Berkowitz and gave him a normal upbringing. Being large for his age, David often felt different and unattractive. He was hyperactive, difficult for his adoptive parents to control and enjoyed playing baseball. Later, the Berkowitzes moved in order to get away from the changing neighborhood they lived in, but Pearl died of breast cancer in the fall of 1967. After that, David began deteriorating, his average grades declining and his religious beliefs wavering. In 1971, he joined the U.S. Army and served in the U.S. and South Korea. He left it in 1974 and held down a number of blue-collar jobs. At one point, he was reunited with his birth mother and learned the details of his conception. Greatly disturbed by this knowledge, he eventually stopped seeing her, but remained in touch with his half-sister, Roslyn. At the time of his arrest, he was working for the U.S. Postal Service.
Shootings, Arrest and IncarcerationEdit
Berkowitz has claimed that his first killings were in late 1975 when he committed a knife attack on two women. Both of them are said to have survived and only one of the attacks, that of Michelle Foreman, was confirmed to have happened. However, he has never been charged with these attacks and the killing spree that would make him infamous began on the streets of New York in the summer of 1976. On July 29, 1976, he shot Jody Valenti and Donna Lauria. They had been sitting in a parked car outside of Donna Lauria's apartment when they were shot. Jody Valenti survived the attack and the attack didn't get much media attention. Then on October 23, 1976, Berkowitz went to Queens and attacked another pair sitting in a parked car. This time Carl Denaro survived being shot in the head but his companion wasn't injured. Just over a month later, on November 26, 1976, he shot teenagers Donna DeMasi and Joanne Lomino when they were walking home from a trip to the cinema. Donna DeMasi recovered from the shooting but Joanne Lomino was left paralyzed. Berkowitz took a few months off but, on January 30, 1977 he started his shootings again. This attack was on engaged couple, Christine Freund and John Diel. John Diel survived but Christine Freund died from her injuries. It was after this attack that the police determined that the weapon used in the shootings was a .44 caliber Charter Arms Bulldog. The weapon used in the other shootings had been from a similar gun and so they began to suspect the shootings were connected and the killer was giving the nickname the ".44 Caliber Killer". The police also made the connection that the shootings targeted young women with long, dark hair and/or young couples parked in cars. On March 8, 1977, Berkowitz shot Virginia Voskerichian as he walked by her and she died on the spot. Once again, the bullet came from a .44 caliber gun. With this information, the police went public on March 10, 1977 and announced that the same .44 caliber gun had been used in a number of shootings. The media went in a uproar and began following up every little detail so that the stories they published could become more and more sensational.On April 16, 1977, Berkowitz shot and killed Alexander Esau and Valentina Suriani. A police officer found a hand-written letter near the bodies that was addressed to captain Joe Borelli of Operation Omega (it was the task force set up to investigate the shootings), in which he described himself as a monster and taunted them for not being able to catch him. On May 30, 1977, columnist Jimmy Breslin of the New York Daily News received a hand-written letter from David Berkowitz. After getting advice from the police, the paper published it. The letters changed David Berkowitz's name in the media from the ".44 Caliber Killer" to the "Son of Sam". On June 26, 1977, Berkowitz shot another couple that were sitting in a car but neither of them were injured seriously and were able to give the police a description of their attacker. The other survivors in the past were also able to give some account of their attacker and the police were able to draw up sketches of a suspect. Nearly a year after the first shooting in his killing spree, David Berkowitz went to Brooklyn and shot both Stacy Moskowitz and Robert Violante in the head as they sat in a car. Stacy Moskowitz died and Robert Violante was left blind.
That same evening, Cacilia Davis, who lived near the crime scene, had witnessed a man remove a parking ticket from his car that had been parked too close to a fire hydrant. The event had taken place right before the killing and the woman called the police to inform them. Putting two and two together, the police assumed that whoever had gotten that ticket must have been a witness to the shootings. So, they called another police department and asked for help in tracking down the owner of the car. When the name David Berkowitz came up in connection with the car it came to light that the police in Yonkers had Berkowitz in the frame as a suspect for some of the crimes referenced in one of the "Son of Sam" letters. However, until then, they hadn't thought he was the actual "Son of Sam". Berkowitz was arrested on August 10, 1977 when coming out of his apartment. His first words at that moment were, "You got me. What took you so long?" When the police searched David Berkowitz's car they found a .44 caliber Bulldog pistol, maps of the crime scenes, and a letter to Sgt. Dowd of the Omega task force. Looking through his apartment, they found Satanic graffiti on the walls and a diary in which he claimed responsibility for several arsons. During questioning, Berkowitz claimed the name "Son of Sam" referred to his former neighbor, Sam Carr, who owned a Labrador which he claimed had instructed him to kill people. During the trial, he kept chanting at a low, but audible volume "Stacy was a whore", presumably referring to Stacy Moskowitz, his last murder victim. Berkowitz is currently serving time at the Sullivan Correctional Facility for his six murders as well as his attempted murders. In 1987, after a few troublesome years, he declared himself a born-again Christian and has remained as such since. He has been denied parole five times, most recently in May 2010. His next parole hearing was scheduled for May 2012, though he never applied for parole.
Modus OperandiEditBerkowitz's weapon of choice was a .44 Special Charter Arms Bulldog revolver, which holds five rounds and is designed for close-quarter combat. Most of the shootings were blitz attacks, although he did sometimes use ruses to disguise his original intent, such as during the Lauria-Valenti shooting when he concealed the gun in a paper bag, and also the DeMasi-Lomino shooting when he approached them asking for directions. His victims varied in age, race, and socio-economic class, but they were usually couples in their late teens seated in cars. He also attacked on weekends in the late night or early morning. Berkowitz would also masturbate at the crime scenes after the murders.
While he was still active, Berkowitz was profiled as being a paranoid schizophrenic believing himself to be the victim of demonic possession. He later admitted in an interview conducted by FBI veteran Robert Ressler in prison that he had pretended to be insane to get a lighter punishment and that he actually killed out of resentment towards his mother and contempt for women in general. His M.O. suggests that he was highly disorganized in manner, using blitz attacks and leaving victims alive.
- December 25, 1975: Michelle Forman and an unnamed woman (alleged; unconfirmed; injured both with a knife)
- July 29: Donna Lauria and Jody Valenti:
- Donna Lauria, 18 (shot in the chest and killed)
- Jody Valenti, 19 (shot in the thigh; survived)
- October 23: Carl Denaro and Rosemary Keenan (both survived):
- Carl Denaro, 25 (shot in the head)
- Rosemary Keenan, 38 (slightly injured by flying glass)
- November 26: Donna DeMasi and Joanne Lomino (both survived):
- Donna DeMasi, 16
- Joanne Lomino, 18 (was rendered a paraplegic from her gunshot wounds)
- July 29: Donna Lauria and Jody Valenti:
- January 30: Christine Freund and John Diel:
- Christine Freund, 26 (fatally shot twice)
- John Diel, 30 (survived)
- March 8: Virginia Voskerichian, 19 (fatally shot in the head)
- April 17: Alexander Esau and Valentina Suriani (both shot twice and killed):
- Alexander Esau, 20 (died several hours later in the hospital)
- Valentina Suriani, 18
- June 26: Sal Lupo and Judy Placido (both survived with slight injuries; struck by three bullets):
- Sal Lupo, 20
- Judy Placido, 17
- July 31: Stacy Moskowitz and Robert Violante (both shot in the head):
- Stacy Moskowitz, 20 (killed)
- Robert Violante, 20 (survived)
- January 30: Christine Freund and John Diel:
- Notes: Berkowitz also claimed in his diary to have set a large number of fires (some sources claim the total number to have been as many as 1411).
On Criminal MindsEdit
Berkowitz may have been part of the inspiration for several serial killers portrayed in the series. The most prominent of these would be George Foyet, as both attacked couples in their cars and used .44 revolvers. The primary difference is that Berkowitz was clearly disorganized and attacked people in the city using blitz attacks while Foyet was highly organized and attacked people on empty highway roads after using some sort of ruse to get them to lower their guard.
When the New York Terrorist Cell was believed to be a single serial shooter, their M.O. was compared to that of Berkowitz's in the sense that they both used firearms and attacked people at random. Also, one of the investigators, Detective Brustin, mentions having been a beat cop when Berkowitz was active. In Lo-Fi, he twice expresses bitterness over the case because he was mocking the NYPD for not being able to catch him and because they were later able to so through a parking ticket.
Brian Matloff bears some similarity to Berkowitz in their upbringing and reason for killing. Finally, copycats Daniel Dryden and Eric Olson mimicked Berkowitz, the former going as far as trying to commit his double homicide on the anniversary of the Alexander Esau and Valentina Suriani shootings (missing the deadline by only a few minutes). While Daniel used a .44 Magnum, Eric copied Berkowitz to the extent that he used the same kind of revolver, a Charter Arms Bulldog.